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Space Science Research Group

Projects and Proposals

For further documentation go to http://dutmoodle.dut.ac.za/moodle/course/view.php?id=236#section-1

Our Research Group in Space Science and South African company CNS Systems (Pty) Ltd are offering the following projects and proposals:

I. African Satellite Augmentation System (ASAS) Project
II. Project for Road Traffic Control and Management
III. Satellite DVB-RCS Scenario for Fixed and Mobile Solutions
IV. Satellite Asset Tracking and Fleet Management (SATFM) and SCADA or M2M Systems
V. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)
VI. Stratospheric Communication Platforms (SCP)
VII. SCP for Transfer of energy from Solar cells in the Space to the Ground
VIII. Development of Multipurpose GEO/LEO Space Segment
IX. Homeland Security System (HSS)
X. Development of all aspects of Alternative Energy
XI. Projects of Multifunctional Satellite Systems (MSS)
XII. Research, postgraduate studies and developments of other techniques and technologies:

I. African Satellite Augmentation System (ASAS) Project (South African project for Africa)

Presentation: African Satellite Augmentation System (ASAS)
Paper: Development & Characteristics of ASAS Network
Gallery: African Satellite Augmentation System (ASAS)

African Satellite Augmentation System (ASAS) is a project designed by Prof. Ilcev with CNS Systems (Pty) Ltd. Therefore, CNS Systems with current and new partners including DUT will realize ASAS project with implementation of CNS networks for Maritime (MTC), Land (LTC) for Road and Railway solutions and Air Traffic Control (ATC) and Managements.

The ASAS project is Regional Satellite Augmentation System (RSAS) and is an interoperable part of new Global Satellite Augmentation System (GSAS). It will be integrated with compatible RSAS networks such as the US WAAS, Japanese MSAS, European EGNOS, Russian SDCM, Chinese SNAS and Indian GAGAN. The ASAS Network will cover entire African Continent (54 countries) and Middle East Region (15 countries).

For the controller, current surveillance equipment, primarily radar, detects the position of the many moving ships, vehicles and aircraft in the traffic coverage area. Otherwise, the radar monitoring the movement of ships, aircraft and other vehicles spins much faster than those radars covering.

New tools, like satellite surveillance, have been developed as part of GSAS combined with surface radars; to help the ground controllers move more vessels, land vehicles and aircraft safely through the transportation augmentation system.

In the proper manner, this additional navigational accuracy now available on the ship’s bridge and aircraft cockpit will be used for other system enhancements and for surface control in area of ports and airports. This is the Automatic Dependent Surveillance System (ADSS) using GPS or GLONASS GNSS and GEO communication satellite, currently being evaluated and which is taking advantage of this improved accuracy of traffic control for all mobile applications.

Using this chain, the new ASAS network system and navigational message will improve the GPS or GLONASS satellite signal accuracy from about 30 meters to approximately 1-3 meters. For example, the current US WAAS system provides 1–2 meters horizontal accuracy and 2–3 meters vertical accuracy throughout the contiguous US territory.

Therefore, the ASAS system will improve CNS facilities for maritime, land and aeronautical applications, to enhance mobile communication in any phase of mobile traveling, to enable better control of fleet, provide flexible and economic trip with optimum routes, to enhance coastal and surface guidance and control in sea or air port and what is most important to improve safety and security.

The ASAS network will also serve to any other customers at sea, on the ground and in the air need very precise determinations and positioning, such as:

  • Maritme (Shipborne Navigation and Surveillance, Seafloor Mapping and Seismic Survey);
  • Land (Vehicleborne Navigation Systems, Transit, Tracking, Monitoring and Surveillance, Transportation Steering and Cranes, Geodetic Surveilling and GIS);
  • Aeronautical (Airborne Navigation and Surveillance and Mapping);
  • Agricultural (Forestry, Farming and Machine Control and Monitoring);
  • Industrial, Mining and Civil Engineering;
  • Structural Deformations Monitoring;
  • Meteorological, Cadastral and Seismic Surveying;
  • Government/Military Determination and Surveillance Systems (Police, Intelligent services, Firefighting); etc.

II. Project for Road Traffic Control and Management

Presentation: Presentation for SAT

This project is developed by research team of CNS Systems leaded by Prof. Ilcev. The system is implementing GPS or GLONASS Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and GEO or LEO Satellite Transverses (Receivers and Transmitters), which have to be installed in each vehicle. This system is similar to the project in attached document of Russian ERA-GLONASS. The unit in each vehicle sends short burst data, without driver control, via Satellite and Gateway to the Traffic Control Centre (TCC), which contain the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) and Speed and Position. In TCC operator has PC with special software to monitor and control all vehicles in the area of certain road or region. Employing additional sensors unit can monitor consumption of fuel, mileage and other indicators, but the major point is to control behaviors of drivers, to send them advices about their driving, about conditions on the roads, about eventual jamming, incidents and so on. The communication between TTC operator and drivers can be similar to the SMS, which can be seen on small display. At first these units have to be installed in buses and taxi kombis.

The same unit can also provide Global Vehicle Tracking (GVT) solutions inside and outside of Country over entire Africa. The unit can be also used for vehicle insurance companies and in this case reduce the cost of service. The bus and track companies can use the same unit for Satellite Asset Tracking and Fleet Management (SATFM) and provide more cost effective transportation of passengers and goods.

III. Satellite DVB-RCS Scenario for Fixed and Mobile Solutions

Presentation: Digital Video Broadcasting-Return Channel via Satellite (DVB-RCS)

Digital Video Broadcasting-Return Channel over Satellite (DVB-RCS) is proposal and project done by SNS Systems for development and implementation new top generation of satellite digital Voice, Data and Video (VDV) over IP scenario including IPTV. This system can be deployed for any government, military of corporate organization two-way, open standard interactive DVB-RCS known as satellite broadband multimedia access system. The DVB-RCS Hub in general, and in particular its Return Link Sub-System (RLSS), is at the heart of the broadband access system. The DVB-RCS Hubs are turnkey cost effective systems, which can be installed in days to enable a wide range of public and/or private network topologies with Satellite Interactive Terminals (SIT) or remotes including military applications. The RLSS configuration is modular hub sub-system, which can be integrated with new or installed IP/DVB, broadcast platforms and IP switch and routing equipment to provide two-way satellite broadband access services. The RLSS is designed to receive upstream traffic, handle upstream and downstream signaling and schedule and control ground networks of SIT (available from multiple suppliers). The RLSS can support networks ranging from just a few hundred to hundreds of thousands of simultaneously logged-on terminals.

The Hub or simply Ground Earth Station (GES) can extend the boundaries of terrestrial and satellite communications by converging VDV solutions over shared networks.

  • Up to 90 Mb/s downstream and up to 4 Mb/s upstream
  • Downstream interface is MPEG/DVB-S (Moving Picture Expert Group/DVB-Satellite)
  • Upstream interface is DVB-RCS and optimized for IP and multi-media content
  • Qualified with multiple IP/DVB broadcast platform vendors
  • Interoperable with 3rd party terminal vendors
  • User-friendly network management system with open standard design of DVB-RCS
  • The System is designed to support up to 80,000 SIT units
  • Every SIT is able to support many PC or IPTV in LAN, depending on used bandwidth
  • The modularity, scalability and flexibility of the RLSS system architecture allow systems operators to add capacity and features as their businesses grow, and enable operators to enjoy compelling economics, particularly for growing networks of terminals
  • DVB-S can be upgraded by the most effective and cost less 2nd generation DVB-S2 CCM (Constant Coding Modulations) and latest 3rd generation DVB-S2 ACM (Adaptive Coding Modulation) platform, forward and reverse compatible.

Satellite DVB-RCS via VSAT Hub with C (4-8 GHz), Ku (12-18 GHz) or Ka-band (27-40 GHz) antenna interfaces and extends the Terrestrial Broadband, Video Broadcasting, UMTS/GPRS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System/General Packet Radio Service), Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), Terrestrial Telecommunication Network (TTN), Internet, Cellular Network, Private and Public Networks with corresponding satellite connection to Satellite Router Terminals or SIT and enables the following major services:

  1. Service Provider Platforms for Regenerate Rural and Remote Communications, Remote Teleservice E-medicine, E-education, E-banking (ATM), E-tourism, etc;
  2. Enterprises and Private Networks;
  3. Broadcasting and Content Distribution;
  4. Satellite News Gathering (SNG);
  5. Satellite Emergency and Security Management; and
  6. Defense Information Management (DIM) for Rebuilding military efforts, Secure or encrypted communication for all applications, Troop communications, Logistics Management, E-training and E-education.

Manufacturers proven to support technologies providing up to 10x cost reduction, Spot beams, include three mentioned or Ka-band only, Turbo coding, CF-DAMA MAC Layer, up to 25% more efficient than standard DAMA, MF-TDMA up to 30%, more efficient than TDMA used by some competitors.

The DVB-RCS is providing network via micro, mini and maxi HUB configurations, with possible upgrading, which have to serve of 10-100, 100 to 1000 and over 1000 to 80,000 fixed or mobile SIT units or remotes. Each SIT has to provide service for about 100 PC or IPTV (TV over IP) combined in LAN what is depending on quantity of used bandwidth of each user.

The satellite broadband network delivers two-way IP multimedia connectivity both between user terminals in the satellite system and between user terminals and the terrestrial network.

The broadcast MPEG (Moving Pictures Expert Group)/DVB-S service is available in one-way (unidirectional) from the SatLink HUB to the users terminals. DVB-RCS Return Link Sub-Systems complete DVB-RCS hubs and end-to-end systems support to design and/or optimize complete ground segment architecture (networks of hubs and terminals) are all available from EMS. The Return Link Sub-System (RLSS) is a modular sub-system, which can be combined with several new or installed IP/DVB broadcast platforms to provide two-way satellite interactive service. The MPEG2/DVB-S or DVB-S2 is last DVB-RCS technology allows transmission of several signals on the same carriers.

With very low cost per bit, service prices become comparable to those offered by terrestrial networks and can be delivered where other technologies cannot reach.

This satellite network can provide solutions in vas variety of segments, such as:

  • Corporate and Private Networks (E-commerce)
  • Education/Learning (E-education scenario is able to connect all schools in one country)
  • Hospitals (E-medicine scenario can connect all hospitals and medical centres)
  • LAN/WAN, Radio and TV Broadcasting (very useful for FIFA 2010 World Cup)
  • Banking and Financial services (E-banking - ATM)
  • Petroleum and convenience outlets (E-offshore)
  • Hotels with Restaurant, Entertainment and Retail solutions (E-tourism)
  • Backbone to Cellular Systems
  • Remote and Rural areas (E-rural)
  • Small to Medium-size Enterprise SME, Small office Home office (SoHo) and Teleworker
  • Mobile solutions (Ships, Cruisers, Trains, Airplanes and Automotive),
  • Military, Intelligent Crevice, Police, etc.

This new Satellite Broadband System is more advanced and cost-effective then any known Cellular or Fiber Optic network in QoS, propagation with better penetration of signals inside of building, greater Internet speed in excess of 50 Mb/s as real figure, and most probably in the future will substitute or integrate all Cellular systems and can spread range of telecommunication landline and optical networks.

IV. Satellite Asset Tracking and Fleet Management (SATFM) and SCADA or M2M Systems

Presentation: Satellite Asset Tracking and Fleet Management

Satellite Asset Tracking (SAT) optionally integrated with GPRS and Satellite SCADA or M2M (Machine to Machine) systems is proposal and project done by CNS Systems, for development and implementation new generation of Satellite Asset Tracking, Mobile Fleet Management, Telemetry, Monitoring, Logistics, Signalization and Control for transportation, energy, water, oil and gas, forestry, agriculture, mining and construction applications including military solutions.

Last research and invention is done by CNS Systems in Satellite Asset Tracking (SAT) for Global Containers Tracking (GCT), Vehicles and Wagons, which promise service without boundaries. This new technologies will provide service with GPS Receiver (Rx) and Satellite Transceiving Modem, namely Rx/Tx (Transmitter) integrated with RFID solutions.

The GEO and LEO satellite standards offer global two-way data communications utilizing device no bigger than a personal CD player. With its greatly reduced consumption of main, solar or battery power, this equipment is an effective way of remotely collecting basic SATFM data and systems for maritime, land (road/rail and intermodal transport) and aeronautical operators including short messaging and retrieval of data by dispatcher PC. Each mobile asset fitted with adequate unit can communicate via any above mentioned satellite network to the Ground Earth Station (GES). At the GES terminal, the RF signals from the dish are converted into a digital message format and routed via a dedicated line to a Message Handling System via satellite network and billing system. Using a secure Internet connection or dedicated terrestrial lines, the user is able to send and receive messages to the remote satellite terminals (assets) from his PC or dispatcher workstation (desktop).

By connecting special sensors to the main unit this equipment can do many functions such as:

  • Asset tracking monitoring, identification and location of stolen or lost vehicles: cars, trucks, tractors, trailers, wagons and containers onto roads or railway infrastructures (better then any current systems in RSA);
  • Enhancement of Land Traffic Control (LTC) and Land Traffic Management (LTM), logistics, monitoring and situation control on the roads and railway infrastructure including signalization;
  • Monitoring of drivers and vehicle performance similar to trip records/control to maximize use of vehicles in time to meet customer’s demands and deadlines, and detects unauthorized access to cargo using door sensors;
  • Vehicle engine control, monitoring and maintenance advices; retrieval data of spot engine irregularities and diagnostics; and sending or via special sensors retrieving reports on mileage, speed, and fuel consumption of vehicles;
  • Tractor/Trailers ID, location and date/time drop-and-hook notification;
  • Loading operations and casualty analysis, including special control of shipping and forwarding high value/dangerous loads;
  • Cargo control and monitoring of temperatures and humidity of perishable fresh goods or frozen products;
  • Enable access to freight information and services of fleet, integration of back and front office environment, and analysis of fleet performance parameters; and
  • SCADA or M2M monitoring of environment, pipelines and energy industry including pollution control, and so on.

The SATFM and SCADA solutions can use GEO satellite system for fixed and mobile applications by installing in vehicles or remotes Satellite Transceivers/GPS Rx. Also can be employed small units using Big or Little LEO satellite networks, which can be integrated with GPS and GPRS units as well. All systems enable SATFM for all type of mobile terminals and SCADA for remote assets. In fact, tracking capabilities are enhanced with built-in support of different sensors and actuators to monitor conditions and provide added features such as automatic door or engine locking, hook on/off, control of loading/discharging, temperatures, speed, fuel consumption, mileage, etc.

Solely Satellite Asset Tracking (SAT) without management can provide Global tracking for Ships, Containers, Road Vehicles, Wagons and Airplanes.

V. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)

Presentation: Electronic Vehicle Registration (EVR)

Our Institute can develop reliable Distress, Emergency and Homeland Security System (HSS) for our Country and government by using new technologies and experience of modern Radio, Satellite CNS and Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS).
The HSS solutions provide a framework of security-focused solutions, which feature the integration of Radio Frequency Identification System (RFIS) and other advanced technologies to enhance both efficiency and security of ground transportation systems in airports, at border crossings, in trade corridors, and at critical facilities and sites. We have contracts with few manufacturers of RFIS.
The ITS for local Wireless and Electronic HSS offers Security, Control and Logistics on the lane roads, parking and passages such as:

  • Automatic Vehicle Identification (AVI) or Access Control Systems (ACS)
  • Electronic Vehicle Registration (EVR)
  • Traffic Control Systems (TCS) or Traffic Management Systems (TMS)
  • Electronic Toll Collection Systems (ETCS)
  • Incident Tracking and Management System (ITMS)
  • Traveler Information Systems (TIS) and Trade Traffic System (TTS)
  • Freight Tracking System (FTS)
  • Border Crossings System (BCS) and Site Security System (SSS)
  • Fleet Asset Management (FAM) and Intermodal Asset Management (IAM)
  • Revenue Parking Systems (RPS)
  • Weigh Scale Systems (WSS)
  • Seaport Movement System (SMS)
  • Airport Landside Systems (ALS)

This research with studies also includes Mobile Intelligent Autonomous Systems (MIAS), such as remote control, navigation, surveillance, location, identification, GIS and mapping and so on.

VI. Stratospheric Communication Platforms (SCP)

Our NSI is providing development of new Space communication systems known as Stratospheric Communication Platforms (SCP).

Despite of advances in Terrestrial Telecommunications Technology, almost three billion of populations living in rural locations are still without any telephone facilities. Except Fixed and Mobile Satellite Networks, Stratospheric Communication Platforms (SCP) Systems are the newest space technique with top technologies for fixed and all mobile applications including military and rural solutions. These systems employs unmanned or manned and on solar or fuel energy airships or aircraft carrying payloads with transponders and antennas.

Therefore, with few cost effective remote controlled and solar powered aircraft or airships can be covered some region or country including urban, suburban and rural areas, farms and other environments with low density of population. The SCP network offers better solutions than all cellular radio systems, with greater speed of transmission than even optical modes, roaming will be enhanced without severe shadowing problems and disturbances inside of buildings, and service will cost less. The SCP mission can be integrated with current satellite and cellular systems; the system is more autonomous and discrete and will be the best solution for rural, mobile transportation and military applications.

The SCP system will enable advanced fixed broadcast and broadband communications for Voice, Data and Video over IP (VDVoIP), complement to terrestrial systems at very low cost, offer better communications infrastructures for developing countries and promote spreading broadcast and broadband commercial and military communications in those countries. On the other hand, mobile broadcast, broadband and multimedia access including Mobile Internet will offer Maritime, Land, Aeronautical and Personal handheld SCP solutions and services for both commercial and military applications.

VII. SCP for Transfer of energy from Solar cells in the Space to the Ground

Presentation: Space Solar Power (SSP)

Institute is able to provide research and studies in development SCP for transfer electrical energy from Solar cells in the Space via SCP to the ground. Namely, in regions with ample sunlight, the sunbeam will be concentrated by the use of special mirrors to produce high temperature steam. This high temperature steam will then be passed through a low-pressure steam turbine to create electricity.

The electricity will be converted into microwaves at 94 GHz and subsequently transmitted to an SCP located at an altitude of 21 km. In fact, the microwaves (MW) will be received by large rectenna antennas on the SCP. A repeater will then transmit the MW transmissions to other locations on the ground without the need for cables with an efficiency of over 95%.

VIII. Development of Multipurpose GEO/LEO Space Segment

African Continent and South Africa are not covered enough with different satellite networks for all applications. At present we have Eutelsat, Intelsat and SES-NewSkies GEO networks serving to all fixed and mobile DVB-RCS and other VSAT customers, and is presented Inmarsat GEO network for mobile, personal and transportable applications including SATFM and SCADA or M2M service. South Africa is covered only with Leo Orbital Satellite (LEO Iridium, while Globalstar and Orbcomm have plans to provide coverage of Southern Africa. The DUT research group together with CNS Systems (Pty) Ltd company can provide design and project for development first South African Multipurpose GEO Spacecraft with Communication and Navigation payloads and to provide network for South Africa and entire Africa. Otherwise, the development of LEO satellite system for Africa or South Africa is very difficult and not cost effective solution.

This research and studies have to include development of payloads, transponders, antennas and satellite bus systems for space programs of NSA at DST. Accordingly, Prof. Ilcev with his team will be in position to design and build first Communication RSA spacecraft. To launch our first satellite we will use the Russian vehicle “Proton”, most reliable and safe launcher in the world.

The handheld portable satellite phones and semi-fixed site satellite telephones are a very new communications tools available for business people, all professionals in transportation and fixed environments and everyone who wants to have satellite telephone access using Big LEO systems at sea, on land and in the air. In addition, compared to the Little LEO systems, Big LEO satellite systems are expected to be bigger and to have more power and bandwidth to provide different services to their subscribers. The bigger size of the satellites in these systems enables them to have more complex data processing in than the simple store-and-forward feature of satellites in the Little LEO systems. The Big LEO systems provide wide variety of services, such as voice, data and fax, SMS and paging, search and rescue, disaster services, environmental and industrial monitoring, cargo tracking and location, position determination. Globalstar as second representative of Big LEO has discussion with CNS Systems regarding establishment network and service over Africa.

Little LEO satellites are so-called because they are very small such as Orbcomm system, which is also offering establishment of satellite network for Africa. Users will be able to access this network using small handheld two-way messaging units incorporating a low-power omnidirectional antenna and weighing less than half a kilogram. The principle difference between the proposed offerings of Little LEO operators and other mobile service is that they concentrate on providing data services, rather than handling real-time voice traffic. The kinds of services users can expect from a Little LEO provider are messaging, including E-mail and two-way paging, limited Internet access and fax. Important markets for Little LEO will include remote data transfer, digital tracking (for the transportation management market), environmental monitoring and SCADA or M2M service.

Our NSI is in very good position to provide research and projects for developing spacecraft and payloads with satellite busses for our Country according to DST Space Program.

IX. Homeland Security System (HSS)

All divisions of CNS Systems are involved in new project known as Radio and Space Homeland Security System (HSS) as integration of all above-mentioned solutions.

The utilization of the Satellite Communication and Wireless Homeland Security Systems are in development phase in many industrialized countries. Some governments recently completed their comprehensive review about, still wondering what vital role satellite technology especially will play in improving intergovernmental efficiency and operational coordination for all hot zones in one hypothetical country. The focus on improved HSS initiatives has never been greater.

More attention must be paid to protecting own border crossings, sites security, trade corridors, tracking the freight over highways and railways, and securing all airports and critical facilities, seaports and coasts, as well as the eventually impacted area surrounding the precise spot where a weapon or mass destruction is unleashed, natural disasters, environmental pollution and epidemic deceases.

X. Development all aspects of Alternative Energy

This Project will include the development of all aspects of alternative energy from space, water, sea and wind. The project can also explore the best solar temperatures and strongest wind effects for the future development of solar panels and windmill power stations across the country and especially in remote and rural areas. To realize this, this project will need about 1000 Meteorology Stations (MS) on special masts, for what can be used GSM mast in the country. Each MS will have temperature instruments for measuring energy coming from the sun and a tachometer for the measurement of wind speed. The data of solar temperatures and wind speed will be sent via microwave links to the Meteorology Centre. It will also be necessary to provide research for the following solutions: sun energy via solar concentrators using special mirrors in space; sea waves, current, pressure and the tides power; sea salinity gradient; and sea thermal energy.

XI. Projects of Multifunctional Satellite Systems (MSS):

  1. Satellite Systems for Distress, Emergency, Hazard and Homeland Security System (HSS)
  2. Satellite Systems for Defense, Security and Cross Boarder Monitoring
  3. Satellite Systems Meteorological and Hydrological Monitoring
  4. Satellite System for Space Earth Observations and GIS
  5. Satellite Systems for Space Solar Power (SSP)
  6. Satellite for Communications, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS)

XII. Research, postgraduate studies and developments of other techniques and technologies:

  • Solutions for Space Communications, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS):
    1. Maritime CNS Systems
    2. Land CNS Systems
    3. Aeronautical CNS Systems
    4. CNS Systems for Surveying and Ground CNS Solutions
  • Space Operation Engineering and Techniques
    1. Cosmodrome and Launcher Vehicles
    2. Space Science, Exploration, Technology and Industry
    3. Space Segment: Spacecraft and Payloads for Fixed and Mobile CNS Applications
    4. Space Engineering of Modern Optical Satellite Systems (OSS)
    5. Multipurpose GEO and Non-GEO Satellite Systems
    6. Ground Segment Engineering and Infrastructures
  • Transmission Techniques, Antenna Systems and Propagation for Space Applications
  • Global Mobile Satellite Communications (GMSC) for CNS, ICT, GIS and Logistics
  • Satellite Systems
    1. For Distress, Emergency, Hazard and Homeland Security System (HSS)
    2. For Defense, Security and Cross Boarder Monitoring
    3. For Meteorological and Hydrological Monitoring
    4. For Space Earth Observations and GIS
    5. For Space Solar Power (SSP)
  • DVB-RCS Systems
    1. DVB for Fixed, Mobile, Personal, Remote and Rural Systems including E-solutions
    2. DVB for CNS, ICT and Logistics in Transport Systems
  • SAT and Fleet Management (SATFM) and Logistics for Mobile Assets
    1. Global Ship Tracking (GST) and Logistics
    2. Global Container Tracking (GCT) and Logistics
    3. Global Vehicle Tracking (GVT) and Logistics
    4. Global Wagon Tracking (GWT), Logistics and Signalization
    5. Global Aircraft Tracking (GAT) and Logistics
  • Aeronautics and Astronautics
  • Satellite SCADA (M2M) and Logistics for Fixed Assets
  • Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS): GPS, GLONASS, EGNOS and Compass
  • Regional Satellite Augmentation Systems (RSAS) for CNS, GIS and Logistics
  • Projects of Infrastructures for Regional Satellite Augmentation Systems (RSAS)
    1. Local Satellite Augmentation System (LSAS) for all Transport Systems
    2. Costal Movement Guidance and Control (CMGC) for Approaching and Seaports
    3. Surface Movement Guidance and Control (SMGC) for Approaching and Airports
    4. Land Movement Guidance and Control (LMGC) for Roads and Railways
    5. Joint Precision Approach and Landing System (JPALS)
    6. Local VHF Augmentation System (LVAS)
  • Radio Communication Systems (RCS), Antennas and Propagation for Mobile applications
  • Local VHF Augmentation Systems (LVAS) or DGPS for CNS, GIS and Logistics
  • Stratospheric Communication Platforms (SCP) for CNS, ICT, GIS and Logistics
  • SCP for transfer of energy from Solarcells in the Space to the Ground via MW at 94 GHz
  • Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) and Logistics via RFID Network
  • Automated Emergency Response System
  • ICT over Power Line, LAN, WAN and new CNS and ICT Hardware and Software
  • Data Processing of Radio Telescope Antennas, Earth and Weather Observations
  • Surveillance, Optronics and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
  • Alternative Energy from the Sun, Wind and Sea
  • Environmental Monitoring of Land, Waters and Air
  • Investigation of the best Solar and Wind effects for Solarcells and Windmill power stations