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Conferences, Publications, Book Chapters

Conferences (2008 - 2013)

Degenaar A, Naidoo D and Bux F. Assessment of a Biological Process for the Treatment of Vegetable Oil Effluent. International Water Association (IWA), World Water Congress & Exhibition. September 2008. Vienna, Austria. Oral presentation.

Naidoo D, Ramdhani N and Bux F. Microbial community analysis of a full-scale membrane bioreactor treating industrial wastewater. IWA, Leading Edge Technology Conference. June 2008. Zurich, Switzerland.

Singh M, Chiya M, Bux F. The potential of microalgae isolated from wastewater treatment plants to be used as a feedstock for biodiesel production. IWA, Leading Edge Technology Conference. June 2008. Zurich, Switzerland.

Dwarka D, Naidoo D, Ramdhani N, Kumari S and Bux F. Evaluation of conventional nested and hot-start PCR via gel electrophoresis for the analysis of ammonia-oxidising bacteria in activated sludge. BIO-08. January 2008. Grahamstown, South Africa.

Chetty V, Khera MS, Chiya M, Fick C and Bux F. The screening of indigenous Algae for biological production. BIO-08. January 2008. Grahamstown, South Africa.

Degenaar AP and Bux F. Microbial community analysis of a biological process treating edible oil effluent using flourescent in situ hybridisation. WISA Biennial Conference. May 2008. Sun City, South Africa.

Singh M, Chetty V and Bux F. Production of biodiesel from microalgae. WISA, Biennial Conference. May 2008. Sun City, South Africa.

Dashika Naidoo and Faizal Bux. Elucidation of the foam-forming isolate identified as Nocardia farcinica. Submitted for presentation at the IWA, Activated sludge population dynamics (ASPD5) conference in Denmark, May 2009.

N Ramdhani and F Bux. In situ analysis of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in activated sludge. Submitted for presentation at the IWA, Activated sludge population dynamics (ASPD5) conference in Denmark, May 2009.

Marrengane Z, Pillay L, Kumari S and Bux F. Elucidation of various Gordonia populations in foaming activated sludge plants through nested PCR and DGGE. Submitted for presentation at the IWA, Activated sludge population dynamics (ASPD5) conference in Denmark, May 2009.

Rawat I, Thaver P and Bux F. Sustainability of Chlorella species in open pond system in subtropical climatic conditions. Submitted for presentation at the IWA, Leading Edge Technology Conference in Singapore, June 2009.

Karthikeyan Subburamu, Balagurusamy Nagamani and Faizal Bux. 2009. Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor for treatment of animal wastes. Paper presented at International Symposium on Anaerobic digestion of wastes and waste water, 10-11 March 2009, Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila en Torreon, Torreon, México .

Marrengane, Z, Pillay, T and F Bux. The impact of wastewater composition, operating parameters and plant configurations on filamentous bacterial populations at Darvill Wastewater Works. Oral presentation at The Water Institute of Southern Biennial Conference, ICC, Durban, 19-22 April 2010. Detailed paper on CD.

Mustapha, S, Ramanna L., Mutanda T and F Bux. Seasonal studies of algal growth & lipid production using an open raceway pond. Poster presentation at The Water Institute of Southern Biennial Conference, ICC, Durban, 19-22 April 2010. Detailed paper on CD.

N Ramdhani, SK Sheena Kumari, F Bux. Influence of operating conditions on ammonia-oxidizing bacteria by in situ analysis of industrial wastewater. IWA World Water Congress & Exhibition, Montreal, Canada, 19-24 September 2010. Detailed paper on CD.

Mutanda T., Rawat I., Ranjith R., Ramesh D. and Bux F. 2010. Physico-chemical and biotic factors influencing microalgal seed culture propagation for inoculation of a large scale raceway pond. 4th International Conference on Appropriate Technology Proceedings. Ghana, Accra, 24 – 27 November 2010. Detailed paper on CD.

Moonusamy, A. SK. Sheena Kumari, F. Bux. 2011 Microbial population dynamics of a submerged membrane bioreactor treating sugar wastewater. Singapore International Water Week, 4-8 July, ICC, Singapore. Detailed paper on CD (poster).

Mutanda T., R. Ranjith Kumar, Nemukula A., Rawat I. and Bux F. 2011. Biomass, Metabolite Accumulation and Morphological Characteristics of Chlorella vulgaris Cells Exposed to Different Free Chlorine Dosages. 1st International Conference on Algal Biomass Biofuels and Bioproducts, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 17 - 20 July 2011(poster).

Nemukula, A., T. Mutanda*, R. Dillschneider, C. Posten, A. Anandraj, F. Bux .2011. ‘Growth kinetics of a hyper-saline Nannochloropsis salina as a function of light intensity and nutrient stress for extraction of high-value lipids and carotenoids’. 1st International Conference on Algal Biomass Biofuels and Bioproducts, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 17 - 20 July 2011 (poster).

Moonusamy, A., S.K Sheena Kumari, and F Bux. 2011 Microbial community analysis of a Submerged Membrane Bioreactor (SMBR) and a Convention Activated Sludge (CAS) system treating industrial wastewater. 2nd Regional Conference of Southern African Young Water Professionals (YWP). Pretoria, South Africa. 3-5 July 2011 (poster).

Deepnarain, N., S.K Sheena Kumari, and F Bux. 2011. Profiling of dominant filamentous bacteria in a full-scale wastewater treatment plant. 2nd Regional Conference of Southern African Young Water Professionals (YWP). Pretoria, South Africa. 3-5 July 2011 (poster).

Ramdhani, N., Kumari, S. and Bux, F. Ecology of Nitrosomonas-related AOB and Nitrobacter-related NOB in three activated sludge plants. 2nd IWA Development Congress & Exhibition 2011. 21-24 November 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (poster).

Bhola, V., Rawat, I., Mutanda, T., and Bux, F. Optimization of Nutritional Parameters for Maximal Biomass and Lipid Yield of Chlorella vulgaris within a Tubular Photobioreactor. 2nd IWA Development Congress & Exhibition 2011. 21-24 November 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (poster).

Ramdhani, N., Santhosh Kumar, SK. And Bux, F. Comparison of fish and quantitative PCR to study the distribution of Nitrobacter spp. in two full-scale wastewater treatment plants. The Water Institute of Southern Africa. Biennial Conference and Exhibition. Cape Town, South Africa. 6-10 May 2012.

Pillay, K., Swalaha, FM. And Bux, F. Factors affecting competition between polyphosphate and glycogen accumulating organisms in enhanced biological phosphorus removal. The Water Institute of Southern Africa. Biennial Conference and Exhibition. Cape Town, South Africa. 6-10 May 2012 (poster).

Rawat I. and Bux F. Scale Up of Microalgal Cultivation: Essential Knowledge Prior to Inoculation. The 2nd International Conference on Algal Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts. Westin San Diego, USA, 10-13 June 2012 (poster).

Mutanda T. and Bux F. Sustainable utilization of wastewater streams for microalgal biomass propagation for biofuels production. The 2nd International Conference on Algal Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts. Westin San Diego, USA, 10-13 June 2012 (poster).

Ramluckan K. Moodley KG. and Bux F. An evaluation of the Automated Soxhlet Method for the extraction of lipids from algal biomass. The 2nd International Conference on Algal Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts. Westin San Diego, USA, 10-13 June 2012 (poster).

Mutanda T. Rawat I. and Bux F. Application of Municipal Domestic Wastewater for Microalgal Biomass Propagation for Biofuels Production. 20th EU Biomass conference and exhibition. Milano Convention Centre, MiCo, Milan, Italy. 18-22 June 2012.

Nishani Ramdhani, S.K. Sheena Kumari, Faizal Bux. Nitrification performance evaluation and quantification of dominant nitrifying bacterial communities at two full-scale domestic wastewater treatment plants in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa 16-21 September Busan, Korea.

Nashia Deepnarain, S.K. Sheena Kumari, Faizal Bux. Profiling of dominant filamentous bacteria in a full-scale wastewater treatment plant IWA Biennial World Water Congress and Exhibition, 16-21 September Busan, Korea.

Rawat, I and Bux, F. Invited Plenary presentation. Cultivation of Algae for biofuels using wastewater. International Bioenergy Summit, 5-6 November New Delhi, India.

A.S. Guldhe, B. Singh, T. Mutanda, K. Permaul, I. Rawat, F. Bux, Comparison of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic methods for biodiesel synthesis from chlorella vulgaris. The 3rd International Conference on Algal Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts. The Sheraton Centre Toronto Hotel, Toronto, Canada 16-19 June 2013.

Nashia Deepnarain, Sheena Kumari, Jordache Ramjith, Kriveshin Pillay, Faizal Bux. 2013. A Predictive Model to minimize filamentous bulking in Wastewater Treatment Plants. International conference (Microbial Ecology and Water Engineering (MEWE), Ann Arbor, Michigan, July 7 – 10, 2013.

Sheena Kumari, Kriveshin Pillay, Nashia Deepnarain, Jashan Gokal and Faizal Bux. 2013. Microbial Population Database for Evaluating Biological Nutrient Removal Plants in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, Microbial Ecology and Water Engineering (MEWE) conference, Ann Arbor, Michigan, July 7 – 10, 2013 (poster).

N Ramdhani, SK Santhosh, F Bux. 2013. Evaluation of Dominant Nitrifying Bacteria and their Nitrification Performance in Full-Scale BNR Plants. Microbial Ecology and Water Engineering (MEWE) conference, Ann Arbor, Michigan, July 7 – 10, 2013 (poster).

L. Ramanna, V.K. Bhola, I. Rawat1, T. Mutanda, and F. Bux. The effect of nitrogen supplementation on domestic wastewater for cultivation of microalgae for biodiesel production. The 5th International Conference on Applied Energy ICAE 2013, Jul 1-4, 2013, Pretoria, South Africa Paper ID: ICAE2013-340.

Haitham El-Bery1, Ahmed Tawfik, Sheena Kumari, Faizal Bux. 2013. Microbial community analysis of mesophillic hydrogen producing consortia from pretreated rice straw in anaerobic baffled reactor. The 5th International Conference on Applied Energy ICAE 2013, Jul 1-4, 2013, Pretoria, South Africa Paper ID: ICAE2013-341.

Abhishek Guldhe, Bhaskar Singh, Ismail Rawat, Krishan Ramluckan and Faizal Bux. EFFICACY OF DRYING AND CELL DISRUPTION TECHNIQUES ON LIPID RECOVERY FROM MICROALGAE FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION. The 5th International Conference on Applied Energy ICAE 2013, Jul 1-4, 2013, Pretoria, South Africa Paper ID: ICAE2013-342.

Publications (2008 - 2013)

Naidoo D, Ramdhani N and Bux F. 2008. Microbial community analysis of a full-scale membrane bioreactor treating industrial wastewater. Water Science & Technology 58 (8),
P 1589-1594.

Seidu, R., Heistad, A., Jenssen, P.D., Drechsel, P. and Stenstrom, T.A. 2008. Quantification of the Health Risks Associated with Wastewater Reuse in Accra, Ghana: A contribution toward local guidelines. Journal of Water and Health, 6 (4): 461-471.

S. K. Sheena Kumari , Z. Marrengane and F. Bux. 2009. Application of quantitative RT-PCR to determine the distribution of Microthrix parvicella in full-scale activated sludge treatment systems. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology (83), p 1135-1141. Published online: 5 May 2009.

Arve Heistad, Seidu, Razak, Andreas Flø, Adam M. Paruch, Jon F. Hanssen and Thor Axel Stenström. 2009. Long-term hygienic barrier efficiency of a compact on-site wastewater treatment system. J. Environ. Qual. 38(6):2182-8).

Heistad A, Scott T, Skaarer AM, Seidu R, Hanssen JF, Stenström TA. 2009. Virus removal by unsaturated wastewater filtration: effects of biofilm accumulation and hydrophobicity. Water Science and Technology (2009), 60 (2), 399-407.

Carlander A, Schönning C and Stenström TA. 2009. Energy forest irrigated with wastewater: a comparative microbial risk assessment. Journal of Water Health, 07 (3): 413-433.

Åström J. Pettersson T. J. R., Stenström, T. A. and Bergstedt, O. 2009. Variability analysis of pathogen and indicator loads from urban wastewater systems along a river. Water Sci Technol. 2009;59(2):203-12.

Ramdhani, N, Kumari, S and Faizal Bux. 2010. Impact of pre-treatment on the analysis nitrifying bacterial community from wastewater samples using fluorescent in situ hybridization and confocal scanning laser microscopy. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology (online. ISSN :1349-8037, PRINT ISSN : 00221260), 56 (2): 101-106.

V. Buddolla, T. Mutanda, S. White and F. Bux. 2010. The Microalgae- A future source of Biodiesel. Dynamic Biochemistry, Process Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, 4(1): 37-47.

Josiah Adeyemo, Faizal Bux and Fred Otieno. 2010. Differential evolution algorithm for crop planning: Single and multi-objective optimization model. International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 5(10): 1592-1599.

Barrenberg E and Stenström TA. 2010. Concept Note, Sanitation Safety Plans (SSP): A vehicle for guideline implementation. WHO Information kit 2010. (http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/wastewater/sanitation_safety_...).

Starkl M, Mbatha S, Roma E, Jeffrey P, Stenström T.A, Hawksworth D, Gounden T. 2010. Evaluation of community and household based sanitaion systems in Ethekwini Municipality, South Africa: lessons learned and recommendations. Water Practise and Technology, 5 (4). doi:10.2166/wpt.2010.106.

L Trönnberg, D Hawksworth, A Hansen, C Archer and T A Stenström. 2010. Household –based prevalence of helminths and parasitic protozoa in rural KwaZulu-Natal,South Africa, assessed from faecal vault sampling. Transaction of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 104. Pp 646-652.

S. Molin, V. Cvetkovic, T.A. Stenstrom. 2010. Microbial risk assessment in heterogeneous aquifers: 12. Infection risk sensitivity. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH 46. W05519, 18

D. Naidoo. S. K. Sheena Kumari , and F. Bux. 2011. Characterization of Norcadia farcanica, a filamentous bacterium isolated from foaming activated sludge samples. Water Environment Research. 83(6): 527-531.

T. Mutanda, D. Ramesh, S. Karthikeyan, S.K. Sheena Kumari A. Anandaraj and F. Bux. 2011. Bioprospecting for the hyper lipid producing microalgal strains for sustainable biofuel production. Review manuscript. Bioresource Technology special issue on microalgal biofuels. 102: 57–70.

S. White, A. Anandaraj, F. Bux. 2011. Pam fluorometery as a tool to monitor microalgal nutrient stress and optimise biodiesel production. Bioresource Technology. 102: 1675-1682.

V. Bhola., D. Ramesh., S.K. Sheena Kumari, K. Subburamu, E. Sanniyasi and F. Bux . 2011. Effects of parameters affecting biomass yield and thermal behaviour of Chlorella vulgaris. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. 111(3): 377-382.

Rawat, I., Ranjith Kumar R., Mutanda, T. and Bux, F. 2011. Dual role of microalgae: phycoremediation of domestic wastewater and biomass production for sustainable biofuels production. Applied Energy. 88: 3411-3424.

Singh, B., Bux, F., Sharma, Y.C. 2011. Comparison of homogeneous and heterogenous catalysis for synthesis of biodiesel from M. Indica oil. Chemical Industry & Chemical Engineering Quarterly. 17 (2):117−124.

Mutanda, T, S. Karthikeyan, and F. Bux. 2011. The utilisation of post-chlorinated municipal domestic wastewater for biomass and lipids production by Chlorella sp. under batch conditions. Journal of Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 164:1126–1138.

Marrengane, Z, S. K. Sheena Kumari and F. Bux. 2011 "Rapid quantification and analysis of genetic diversity among Gordonia populations in foaming activated sludge treatment plants. Journal of Basic Microbiology. Vol 51. : 415-423.

Trisha Govender, Luveshan Ramanna, Ismail Rawat, Faizal Bux .2012. Bodipy staining, an alternative to the Nile Red fluorescence method for the evaluation of intracellular lipids in microalgae. Bioresource Technology. 114: 507-511.

Hans J. Overgaard, Neal Alexander, Maria Ines Matis, Juan Felipe Jaramillo, Victor Alberto Olano, Sandra Lucia Vargas, Diana Marcela Sarmiento, Audrey Lenhart, Razak Seidu and Thor Axel Stenström. 2012. Diarrhoea and dengue control in rural primary schools in Colombia: study protocol for a randomized control trial. Trials, 13(1):182. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-13-182.

Jakob Ryd Ottoson, Per-Åke Jarnheimer, Thor Axel Stenström and Björn Olsen. 2012. A longitudinal study of antimicrobial resistant faecal bacteria in sediments collected from a hospital wastewater system. Infect Ecol Epidemiol. 2012;2. doi: 10.3402/iee.v2i0.7438. Epub 2012 Mar 27.

Emma Anakhasyan, Christof Hoeser, Thor Axel Stenström and Thomas Kistemann. 2012. Cross-contamination of distributed drinking water as the cause of waterborne outbreaks in Armenia 1992–2010. Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 02 (3), pp. 146-156.

Rawat I, Ranjith Kumar R, Mutanda T, and Bux F 2013. Biodiesel from Microalgae: A Critical Evaluation from Laboratory to Large Scale Production. Applied Energy. 103: 444–467.

Swastika Surajlall Naicker * and Faizal Bux. 2013. Application of radio-immunoassays to assess the fate of estrogen EDCs in full scale wastewater treatment plants. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A. 48: 37-47.

Kumari S, Chetty D, Ramdhani N and Bux F. 2013. Phenol degrading ability of Rhodococcus pyrinidivorans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from activated
sludge plants in South Africa. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. 48: 947–953.

Ramdhani, N., Sheena Kumari, S.K., Bux, F. 2013. Effect of process configurations on the distribution of Nitrosomonas-related AOB and Nitrobacter-related NOB in two full-scale biological nutrient removal (BNR) plants. Water Environment Research. Volume 85, Number 4, April 2013, pp. 374-381(8).

Starkl M, T. A. Stenström, E. Roma, M. Phansalkar, R.K. Srinivasan. 2013. Evaluation of sanitation and wastewater treatment technologies: case studies from India. Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development. 3, 1-11.

Razak Seidu, Ingrid Sjølander, Amina Abubakari, Dennis Amoah, John A. Larbi and Thor Axel Stenström. 2013. Modelling the die-off E.coli and Ascaris in wastewater irrigated vegetables: implications for microbial health risk reduction associated with irrigation cessation. Water and Science Technology 68(5) pp. 1013 – 1021.

Markus Starkl, Norbert Brunner and Thor Axel Stenström. 2013. Why do Water and Sanitation Systems for the Poor Still Fail? Policy Analysis in Economically Advanced Developing Countries. Environmental Science and Technology. 47(12):6102-10.

Nsa Dada, Nanthasane Vannavong, Razak Seidu, Audrey Lenhart, Thor Axel Stenström, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap and Hans J. Overgaard. 2013. Relationship between Aedes Aegypti production and occurrence of Escherichia coli in domestic water storage containers in rural and suburban villages in Thailand and Laos. Acta tropica. 126(3):177-85.

Razak Seidu, Owe Löfman, Pay Drechesel and Thor Axel Stenström. 2013. Risk factor analysis of diarrhoel disease incidence in faecal sludge-applying farmers’ households in Tamale, Ghana. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 3, 134-143.

Razak Seidu, Thor Axel Stenström and Owe Löfman. 2013. A comparative cohort study of the effect of rainfall and temperature on diarrhoeal disease in faecal sludge and non-faecal sludge applying communities, Northern Ghana. Journal of Water and Climate Change, 4(2), 90-102.

Ranjith Kumar. R, Ramesh. D, Mutanda. T, Rawat. I, Bux. F. 2013. Thermal behaviour and pyrolytic characteristics of freshwater Scenedesmus sp. Biomass. Energy Sources Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental (in press).

Haitham El-Bery, Ahmed Tawfik, Sheena Kumari, Faizal Bux. 2013. Effect of thermal pretreatment of inoculum sludge on enhanced biohydrogen production from pretreated rice straw in a mesophilic anaerobic baffled reactor. Environmental Technology (in press).

Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Sheena Kumari, Karend Reddy and Fazial Bux. 2013. Trends in biohydrogen production: Major challenges and state of the art developments. Environmental technology (in press).

Rawat I, Bhola V, Ranjith Kumar R and Bux F. 2013. Improving the feasibility of producing biofuels from microalgae using wastewater. Environmental Technology (in press).

Krishan Ramluckan, Kandasamy G Moodley, Faizal Bux. 2013. An evaluation of the efficacy of using selected solvents for the extraction of lipids from algal biomass by the Soxhlet extraction method. Fuel.(Accepted).

Bhaskar Singh, Abhishek Guldhe, Ismail Rawat, Faizal Bux. 2013. Sustainable Approaches for Development of Biodiesel from Plants and Microalgae. Renewable and Sustainable Energy reviews (accepted).

Book Chapters

D.D Mudaly and F Bux 2001. Fishing for biomass in activated sludge mixed liquor: The slippery VSS fraction. Advances in Water and Wastewater Treatment Technology, Eds. Matsuo, T., Hanaki, K., Takizawa, S. and Satch, H. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam. ISBN : 0-444-50563-6.

Bartram J, Fewtrell L, Stenstrom TA. 2001. Harmonised assessment of risk and risk management for water-related infectious disease. An overview. In Water Quality - Guidelines, Standards and Health: Assessment of Risk and Risk Management for Water-Related Infectious Disease Ed: Fewtrell and Bartram, World Health Organization and IWA.

Smeets, P., Hijnen, W. and Stenström, T.A. 2006. Chapter 4 in Medema et al (eds). Efficacy of Water treatment Processes (70 pages).

Stenström TA, Bartram J and Carr R (Eds). 2006. WHO Guidelines for the safe use of excreta and Greywater in Agriculture. Geneva 2006.

Malmqvist PA, Heinecke G, Kärrman E, Stenström TA, Svensson G (Eds). 2006. Strategic Planning of Sustainable Urban Water Management. IWA Publishing. London, Seattle.

Malmqvist PA, Heinicke, G, Kärrman E, Stenström TA and Svensson G. 2006. Urban Water in context. In: Strategic Planning of Sustainable Urban Water Management. IWA Publ, pp 1-21.

Ashbolt N, Pettersson S, Westrell T, Ottoson J, Schönning C and Stenström TA. 2006. Microbial Risk Assessment (MRA) Tool to aid in the Selection of Sustainable Urban Water Systems. In: Strategic Planning of Sustainable Urban Water Management. IWA Publ, pp. 43-55.

Heinicke G and Stenström TA. 2006. Drinking Water Treatment and Supply. In: Strategic Planning of Sustainable Urban Water Management. IWA Publ, pp. 131 - 145.

Ashbolt, N.J., Petterson, S. R., Roser, D. R., Westrell, T., Ottoson, J., Stenström, T. A. 2006. Microbial risk assessment tool to aid in the selection of sustainable urban water systems. In 2nd IWA Leading-Edge on Sustainability in Water-Limited Environments. (Eds MB Beck and A Speers). IWA Publishing, London.

Medema G, Ashbolt N, Stenström T A and Joret J-C. (Eds). 2007. Microrisk – Microbial Risk Assessment from Source to Consumer (EU Report Microrisk).

S. Murugesan. R. Dhamotharan, R. Ranjith Kumar, T. Mutanda, F. Bux. 2011 Phycoremediation: An Alternative for Cost-Effective Treatment of Waste Streams in: Microalgae: Biotechnology, Microbiology and Energy. Nova Publishers, New York: USA ISBN: 978-1-61324-625-2.

Stenström TA, Seidu R, Ekane N, Zurbrugg C. 2011. Microbial Exposure and Health Assessment in Sanitation Technologies and Systems. SEI-International. ISBN 978-91-86125-36-3

T. Mutanda, D. Ramesh, A. Anandaraj, F. Bux. 2012. Sustainable biodiesel production using wastewater streams and microalgae in South Africa in: Chemistry for sustainable development in Africa. Eds : Ameenah Gurib – Fakim & Jacobus Nicolaas Eloff, P 49-68. Coordinated by International Council for Science (ICSU). Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ISBN : 978-3-642-29642-0.

Mutanda T. and Bux F. 2013. Enumeration of microalgal cells. Potential biotechnological applications of microalgae: Biodiesel and value added products. In Faizal Bux (Ed). Taylor and Francis, New York ISBN: 978-1-46-651529-1.

Rawat I, Ranjith Kumar R, and Bux F. 2013. Phycoremediation by high-rate algal ponds. Biotechnological Applications of Microalgae: Biodiesel and value-added products. In Faizal Bux (Ed). Taylor and Francis, New York ISBN: 978-1-46-651529-1.

Stenström T.A. 2013. Hygiene, a major challenge for source separation and decentralization. In: Larsen et al., 2013. Source Separation and Decentralization for Wastewater Management. IWA Pubil. Ch 11. ISBN: 978-1-84-339348-1.